5G is the fifth generation of cellular networks which a few cellular phone companies started deploying worldwide in 2019. Delivering up to 10-20 Gigabits-per-seconds (Gbps) peak data rates and 100+ Megabits-per-seconds (Mbps) average data rates, 5G is almost up to 100 times faster than 4G. It creates never-before-seen opportunities for business and people and promises more than just a faster network.
Faster connectivity speeds, redefining the network, transforming industries and day-to-day life, greater bandwidth, etc. builds a bridge to the future. A future which is more sustainable and more tech-savvy. Some of the services by 5G such as e-health, improved traffic system, advanced technology that includes Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem where the network can serve communication to billions of connected devices with high speed and ultra-low latency which does not only improve the performance of the business application but also other digital experiences like videoconferencing, cloud-based gaming, and self-driven vehicles.
5G networks are estimated to have more than 1.7 billion subscribers worldwide by 2025. It uses an adaptive signal coding system to keep the bit error rate low. 5G is not invented by any company but it’s an effort of several companies within the mobile ecosystem that contribute to bring 5G to life.
The adoption of 5G technology is way faster than 4G. Till 2020, 61 countries globally have deployed 5G technology. The top three countries with maximum cities using 5G are China – 341 cities, United States – 279 cities, and South Korea – 85 cities. This number is further followed by United Kingdom – 54 cities and Spain – 53 cities. As of January 2021, more than 30% of the world’s countries have 5G network.
Evolution of 5G
- 1 G – The first analog cell phones enter the world in 1980. They were large or brief-case-sized phones and used to have short conversations between a relatively small number of people. Initially, it had no names, it was a network enabled only for voice call. It got its name 1G after the introduction of 2G.
- 2G – It is the longest era for telecom networks started in 1990 and lasted in 2003. 2G was definitely superior to 1G both within the spectrum and in services. GSM (Global Systems for Mobile Communication), GPRS (General Packet Radio Service), and EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution) were the advantages within the spectrum, while advantages in services include Introduction of feature phones enabled with voice call, voice mail, and SMS services.
- 3G – 3G was the revolution in the telecom network. It brought data transmission at a higher rate, mobile web browsing, image sharing, GPS-based location tracking, smartphones, faster communication like exchanging of emails and messages, video streaming, and more security than 2G. It also enabled multiple channels to communicate at the same time through improvised connectivity and speed.
- 4G – 4G is the enhanced version of several mobile network requirements including the use of Internet Protocol (IP) for data traffic and faster speed than 3G up to 100 Mbps. 4G is often referred to as MAGIC –
M – Mobile Multimedia
A – Anytime Anywhere
G – Global Mobility Support
I – Integrated Wireless Solution
C – Customised Personal Services
Actually, the inclusion of app stores, video streaming sites, better smartphones define 4G as a completely redesigned, refined, and simplification of 3G network.
- 5G – This is the bigger version in telecom network than ever. Faster speed with ultra-low latency and lower power requirements for the use of IoT makes it capable to provide faster dialing speeds, multiple device connectivity, higher data speed. 5G is completely reshaping lives by enabling new use cases like Augmented Reality, Connective Vehicles, and enhanced video and gaming experience.
What is 5G capable of
5G is capable of more engaging and sustainable transformation. It has innovative ways of transforming personal and professional life, society, and businesses and it also ensures the safety and more sustainability.
With the introduction of smart electricity grids to reduce carbon emission, more connected vehicles sharing data to prevent road accidents, and to improve traffic systems, connected sensors detecting and warning of natural disasters come under some of the major capabilities of 5G. Robotics and Automation is an added feature in 5G capabilities.
It further extends its responsibility in automation of production lines including supply chain and demand generation, logistic networks with full traceability capabilities at ports and warehouses. Greater realism in Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR), and Extended Reality (XR) with lighter devices, improved sensor experiences, stable and reliable connectivity remotely, and even at the crowded places make 5G more reliable.
The Last Corner
The world is crazily moving to adapt to new-age technology, 5G is one of them. This is because the new is always better and improved in services and qualities. Certainly, 5G will bring ease to our day-to-day life and experiences. In a nutshell, it is a shift to an improved and transformed world full of a variety of resources. Such innovations indicate that, in the future, the world will have abundant resources for everyone.